Effects of Temperature Bias on Nanoflare Statistics

TitleEffects of Temperature Bias on Nanoflare Statistics
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsAschwanden, M. J., and Charbonneau P.
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Date PublishedFeb

{Statistics of solar flares, microflares, and nanoflares have been gathered over an energy range of some 8 orders of magnitude, over E\~ 10$^{24}$-10$^{32}$ ergs. Frequency distributions of flare energies are always determined in a limited temperature range, e.g., at T\~ 1-2 MK if the 171 and 195 Å filters are used from an extreme ultraviolet telescope (the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/EUV Imaging Telescope or the Transitional Region and Coronal Explorer). Because the electron temperature T$_{e}$ and the thermal energ